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The MuralThe 360 Degree View

General James H. Carleton

Stationed in California, Carleton was Union cavalry brigadier general. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he commanded the California Column (the volunteer troops from California) set up to discourage invasion of California by the Confederates. Carleton led his troops of “California Boys” across the Arizona Territory on its march to the Rio Grande. They recaptured Ft. Bliss in 1862 and protected the area settlers from Native American attacks and Confederate intrigue.

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Pretend you are General Carleton. Write a speech that you can give to the people of El Paso after you have recaptured of Fort Bliss.

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Miller, Darlis A. 1982 The California Column in New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Hunt, Aurora. 1958.

Major General James H. Carlton, 1814-1873: Western Frontier Dragoon. Glendale, California: Clark.